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Cumbia is a music genre popular throughout Latin America. The Cumbia originated in Colombia's Caribbean coastal region and Panama, from the musical and cultural fusion of Native Colombians and Panamanians, slaves brought from Africa, and the Spanish during colonial times in the old country of Pocabuy, which is located in Colombia's Momposina Depression and in the northeast of Panama, in the ancient palenques of the Congo nation.

The basic rhythm structure is 2/4. Due to its origins, both African and New World Native influences can be felt in Cumbia. Drums, conga, güira, claves, timbales are traditional instruments used in Cumbia. Other instruments include the guitar, caja, mejoranera, Rabel (in Panama), accordion, bass guitar, clarinet and the modern flute.

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